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Confusion is a state of not thinking clearly. A confused person is less aware of their surroundings and may be uncertain about the day and time, where they are and who is with them.


What are some signs and symptoms of confusion?

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  • Reversed sleep and awake cycles
  • Uncertainty that gets worse late in the day or at night
  •  Mood swings over the course of a day
  • Trouble with focusing attention or shifting attention
  • Seeing, hearing or feeling things that are not there
  • Being unable to relax and quick to get annoyed
  • Feeling more sleepy than normal and lacking energy

What can help you reduce or cope with confusion?

Confusion is common when a person has an advanced illness or is nearing the end of life. There are many causes of confusion. It is important to find out what is causing the confusion. Please tell your medical or hospice team what is happening so they can explore ways to treat it.

Use the arrows to scroll through a few ways family/caregivers can help a person who is confused:


When should you contact Agrace about confusion?

For Agrace Hospice Care patients, talk to your nurse anytime you have questions or concerns about confusion. Contact Agrace right away if there is a sudden change in a hospice patient’s confusion.

If not enrolled in hospice care, please contact the person’s primary care provider (doctor, nurse practitioner, etc.) for advice.


Hospice Caregiver Support

If you need help urgently for an Agrace Hospice Care patient, please call. Otherwise, email us directly at caregiversupport@agrace.org, or send your questions through our online contact form.

Call (800) 553-4289

Call to talk to an interpreter / Tenemos intérpretes disponibles: (800) 930-2770


More Care Tips for Families

For more expert advice from Agrace, visit Agrace.org/CareTips.