Visitors must self-screen for COVID-19 symptoms and sign in at the reception desk before they can visit Agrace’s hospice inpatient units and other areas of our buildings.
Visitors must wear an N95/KN95 or Agrace-provided surgical mask while at Agrace. Visitors must wear a face mask in any place they may encounter patients or staff. The only times visitors may be without a mask are if they are eating or drinking in the café or in an enclosed space, like a patient room or private kitchenette, with no staff present.
If you have any questions before visiting Agrace, please call (800) 553-4289
Mobility and Safe Transfers
Stay safe from injury while helping a person with limited mobility transfer from one position to another.
Make sure the brakes are locked at all times, except when moving the bed.
Raise the bed to your waist height when providing care, to avoid reaching and bending.
To help a person get out of a hospital bed, raise or lower the bed until the person can sit on the edge of the bed with their knees bent 90 degrees and their feet flat on the floor (like sitting on a dining chair).
How to reposition a person in bed, from back to side
If necessary, give the person (patient) a dose of pain medication before moving them.
If using a hospital bed, lower the head of the bed, and raise the rail on the side toward which the patient will turn.
Then, move to the opposite side of the bed; lower the rail, if applicable.
If possible, slide the patient closer to you, so you can reach them without overextending your arms.
Place your hands on the patient’s closest shoulder and hip, and gently roll them away from you; they may be able to assist by grabbing the opposite rail.
Place a pillow behind the back for support, and add others between the legs, if needed to hold this side position. Move to face the patient, then pull their bottom shoulder slightly out and toward you.
Adjust the head pillow for comfort, and provide blankets.
If the patient cannot help in turning, a friction reducing device (aka “FReD”) and a lift sheet can be used to help move them without pulling on their body. Your Agrace team will train you on use of the “FReD” and lift sheet, if those aids are needed.
How to change bed sheets with a person in the bed
If using a hospital bed, have the person (patient) grab the side rail to roll away from you, and position them with pillows for stability.
Remove the dirty sheet and roll it under the patient.
Attach the top and bottom corners of a clean sheet to the mattress.
Smooth the clean sheet, and fold and tuck both sheets under the patient.
Roll the patient back to the clean side, over the clean and dirty sheets.
Pull out the dirty sheets. Pull the clean sheet tight and attach the corners.
A lift sheet and/or bedpan can be added at this time while the patient is still on their side.
See the Videos section above to watch someone use this process to change bed sheets.
Using a gait belt to improve stability and balance
When a person with balance problems needs help transferring from one position to another, a gait belt can be used. This can aid their stability and balance, reduce the risk of falls and improve safety for the caregiver.
A gait belt should not be used to lift a person who is too weak to stand on their own for a brief period of time.
Bring the belt around the middle of the person’s waist.
The teeth of the gait belt buckle should be on the outside. Feed the belt through the teeth and tighten.
Buckle the belt and ensure it is snug, with enough room for your hand to comfortably grasp belt. Two fingers should fit snugly under the belt.
Hold onto the belt to provide the person extra support while moving.
Steps to provide walking assistance
Put the gait belt onto the person; allow them to stand for a few seconds to get their balance and reduce dizziness before walking.
Support the person by placing one arm around the waist and holding the gait belt. Walk alongside the person and move at their pace, looking for signs of needed rest (breathing trouble, seeming unsteady).
Keep path clear from items, including oxygen tubing. While walking, if you find that you can no longer manage assisting, or if the person feels like they cannot remain standing, ease them to the floor slowly and get help.
A person should not use a walker or a cane alone until shown how to use it properly.
Assisting a person from lying to sitting:
Go to the side of the bed where the person (patient) will sit.
If possible, raise the head of the bed so the patient is in a sitting position.
Roll the patient toward you, with their arm reaching for the side rail (if using a bed with rails) and with their legs by edge of bed. Use your body to prevent them from coming off the mattress.
Ask the patient to push up with their arms and swing their legs over the edge of the mattress at the same time.
If possible, lower the bed to the patient’s sitting height.
Provide verbal countdown and cues. Keep your knees flexible and your back straight. To assist the patient, lift their shoulders with one hand and use your other hand to move their legs off the bed. Keep your body in front of the patient.
Ensure the patient is stable before having them scoot forward so their feet can touch the floor.
Rising from sitting to standing position:
Ensure that the patient is wearing non-skid socks or shoes.
Put the gait belt onto the patient, and then stand facing them, as close as possible.
Place one foot slightly behind the other for balance, with your weight equally distributed between both feet.
Have the patient scoot forward until their feet are flat on ground.
Bend your knees and keep back straight. Grasp the gait belt from underneath.
Use a gentle rocking motion to take advantage of momentum to aid them to standing position by pulling on the gait belt (not lifting). Use verbal cues such as “On three, I want you to push up with your arms from the bed/chair to stand.”
If you are moving to any type of chair after standing, incorporate the following steps:
Place the chair to which the patient is transferring at a 90-degree angle on the patient’s strong side.
While standing, rock back and forth in a dancing motion to pivot the patient until the back of their knees touches the surface of the chair.
Have the patient reach back to hold the armrests. Lower them by bending your knees, but keep your back straight. Remove the gait belt after they are seated.
Using a Shower Chair or Bath Bench
When weakness prevents a person from standing for long periods, a shower chair or bath bench can be used for safety when bathing.
A person should never use a shower chair or bath bench when alone if they are too weak to do so independently.
Make sure a chair or a bench is secured in the tub, and dry the equipment before use to reduce slipping.
Place a towel on the seat to help prevent the person from sliding off.